Unveiling Hand Arthritis: Early Detection with the Leading Hand Surgeon in Surat
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Unveiling Hand Arthritis: Early Detection with the Leading Hand Surgeon in Surat

In the intricate symphony of our daily activities, our hands play a crucial role, enabling us to grasp, create, and communicate. However, as the years go by and wear and tear take their toll, the delicate balance within our hand joints can be disrupted, leading to a condition known as hand arthritis. Recognizing the signs of hand arthritis early is essential for timely intervention and effective management. In this informative guide, we will delve into the realm of hand arthritis, its different types, the areas of the hand it affects, its potential sufferers, and the key symptoms to watch out for. For the best guidance on hand arthritis, read this blog by our hand specialist Dr Chetan Patel at Param Superspeciality Hospital, considered as one of the best hand surgery hospitals in Surat.

What is Arthritis of the Hand?

Arthritis of the hand is a degenerative joint disorder characterized by inflammation and damage to the cartilage that cushions the joints, resulting in pain, stiffness, and reduced range of motion. Our thumb arthritis specialist in Surat, Dr. Chetan Patel says that this condition can profoundly impact a patient’s everyday tasks, making even simple activities a challenge.

Different Types of Arthritis Affecting the Hands

Several types of arthritis can affect the hands, each with its unique characteristics:

1. Osteoarthritis: The most common form of arthritis, osteoarthritis, occurs when the protective cartilage covering the ends of bones breaks down over time. This leads to bone-on-bone contact, causing pain and limiting joint movement.

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: An autoimmune disorder, rheumatoid arthritis targets the synovium — the lining of the joint — causing inflammation and joint damage. It often affects the same joints on both sides of the body.

3. Psoriatic Arthritis: Linked to the skin condition psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis can cause inflammation in the joints and connective tissues of the hands and fingers.

4. Gout: Gout occurs when uric acid crystals accumulate in the joints, leading to sudden and severe pain, redness, and swelling.

Parts of the Hand Most Affected by Arthritis

Hand arthritis commonly affects the following areas:

1. Carpometacarpal (CMC) Joint of the Thumb: The base of the thumb is a frequent site of arthritis, causing pain, difficulty gripping, and reduced thumb mobility.

2. Proximal Interphalangeal (PIP) and Distal Interphalangeal (DIP) Joints: These joints in the middle and end of the fingers may become swollen and painful, limiting finger movement.

3. Wrist Joints: Arthritis in the wrist can hinder wrist flexibility and cause discomfort during activities that involve wrist movement.

Who is Susceptible to Arthritis in Their Hands?

Hand arthritis can affect anyone, but certain factors increase the risk:

1. Age: As we age, the wear and tear on our joints accumulate, making older individuals more prone to hand arthritis.

2. Gender: Women are more likely to develop hand arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis.

3. Genetics: Family history of arthritis can elevate the risk of its development.

4. Previous Injuries: Previous hand injuries or fractures may increase the likelihood of arthritis later in life.

5. Occupation: Jobs that involve repetitive hand movements or those that place excessive stress on the hands may contribute to the development of arthritis.

In some conditions you may have to look for surgeons with the expertise of best hand surgery in Surat. Though surgery cannot cure arthritis, it may help in reducing pain and improving mobility.

Symptoms of Hand Arthritis

Recognizing the symptoms of hand arthritis is crucial for timely intervention. Watch out for:

1. Joint Pain: Persistent pain in the joints of the fingers, thumb, or wrist, particularly during movement or after periods of inactivity.

2. Stiffness: Difficulty in moving the fingers or wrist, especially in the morning or after periods of rest.

3. Swelling: Visible swelling or a feeling of fullness in the affected joints.

4. Reduced Range of Motion: Difficulty in performing everyday tasks that require hand and finger movement, such as gripping, pinching, or grasping objects.

5. Deformities: Formation of bony nodules or joint deformities that can alter the shape and appearance of the hand.

Securing a consultation at one of the best hand surgery hospitals in Surat

If you suspect you have hand arthritis or experience any of the symptoms mentioned, seeking guidance from a skilled hand surgeon is essential. Our leading hand surgeons in Surat, Dr Chetan Patel at Param Superspeciality Hospital possess the expertise to accurately diagnose the condition, recommend appropriate treatments, and provide personalized care.


Hand arthritis may cast a shadow on the symphony of your daily life, but early detection and intervention can help you regain control. By understanding the different types of hand arthritis, its risk factors, the areas of the hand it affects, and its telltale symptoms, you can take proactive steps towards managing the condition. We at Param Superspeciality Hospital, considered as one of the best hand surgery hospitals in Surat, are there to help you to restore harmony to your hands and ensure a future filled with pain-free movement and the freedom to grasp life’s opportunities.

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